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Vedic Literature

ARYA SAMAJ OF CONNECTICUT, INC (ASOC)
(Hindu Vedic Temple of Connecticut)
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The Vedic Culture is based upon the following Vedas as well as the Vedic and other related literature:  

  1. Four Vedas:
    1. Rig Veda
    2. Yajur Veda
    3. Sama Veda, and
    4. Atharva Veda
  1. Nine Brahmanas:
    1. Aitareya
    2. Ashvalayana & Kaushitaki
    3. Sankhyayana
    4. Shatapatha
    5. Panchvinsha
    6. Shadvinsha
    7. Tandya
    8. Jaiminiya, and
    9. Gopatha
  1. Eleven Key Upanishads:
    1. Isha
    2. Kena
    3. Katha
    4. Prashna
    5. Mundaka
    6. Mandukya
    7. Taittiriya
    8. Aitareya
    9. Chhandogya
    10. Brihadaranyaka, and
    11. Shvetashvatara
  1. Six Vedangas:
    1. Shiksha (the principles of proper articulation and pronunciation)
    2. Chhanda (Prosody: versification, metrical structure, rhyme, stanza)
    3. Vyakarana (Grammer)
    4. Nirukta (Vedic words explained etymologically)
    5. Jyotisha (Astronomy), and
    6. Three Kalpas or Sutras (Ritual prescribed for individual, family and society):

                                                              i.   Shrauta Kalpa or SutraGrihya

                                                             ii.            Kalpa or Sutra, and

                                                          iii.            Dharma Kalp or Sutra

  1. Four Upa-Vedas:
    1. Gandharvaveda (Music), and
    2. Ayurveda (Medicine)
    3. Dhanurveda (Military craft)
    4. Shilpa or Sthapatyaveda (Knowledge of Mechanics or Architecture )
  1. Ten Darshanas or Systems of Philosophy:
    1. Veisheshika Darshana
    2. Nyaya Darshana
    3. Sankhya Darshana
    4. Yoga Darshana
    5. Poorva-Mimansa Darshana,
    6. Five Vedanta Darshanas:

                                                              i.            Vishishtadvaitavada

                                                            ii.            Dvaitavada

                                                          iii.            Dvaitaadvatavada

Bhedabhedavada

                                                          iv.            Shudhadvaitavada

    1. Charvak Darshana
    2. Jaina Darshana
    3. Baudha Darshana
    4. Trika or Pratiabhigya Darshana, and
    5. Shaakta Darshana
  1. Eighteen (18) Maha Puranas:
    1. Brahm
    2. Padma
    3. Vishnu
    4. Shiva (or Vayu)
    5. Shrimadbhaagvata
    6. Narada
    7. Markandeya
    8. Agni
    9. Bhavishya
    10. Brhmvaivarta
    11. Linga
    12. Varaaha
    13. Skanda
    14. Vamana
    15. Koorma
    16. Matsya
    17. Garurha
    18. Brahmaanda

In addition, there are eighteen (18) Upa-Puranas, and eighteen (18) Aup-Puranas which are also called Ati-Puranas as follows:

  1. Eighteen (18) Upa- Puranas:
    1. Bhaagvat
    2. Maaheshvara
    3. Brahmaand
    4. Aaditya
    5. Saura
    6. Nandakeshvara
    7. Saamba
    8. Kaalikaa
    9. Varuna
    10. Ushanas
    11. Maanava
    12. Kaapila
    13. Durvaasas
    14. Shivadharma
    15. Vrehannaaradiya
    16. Naarasinha
    17. Sanatkumaara
  1. Eighteen (18) Aup-Puranas or Ati-Puranas:
    1. Kaartava
    2. Riju
    3. Aadi
    4. Mudgala
    5. Pashupati
    6. Ganesha
    7. Surya
    8. Paramaananda
    9. Brehaddharma
    10. Mahaabhagavata
    11. Devi
    12. Kalki
    13. Bhargava
    14. Vaashishtha
    15. Kaurma
    16. Garga
    17. Chandi
    18. Lakshmi
  1. Smritis (or Dharma Shastras):
    1. Manu Smriti (It consists of 12 Chapters)
    2. Yajyavalkya Smriti (It consists of 3 Chapters: Aachaar, Vyavahaar, & Praayashchita)
    3. Twenty (20) Other Smritis:

                                                              i.            Atri

                                                            ii.            Vishnu

                                                          iii.            Haareeta

                                                          iv.            Aushanasi

                                                            v.            AAngirasa

                                                          vi.            Yama

                                                        vii.            AApastamba

                                                      viii.            Samvarta

                                                          ix.            Kaatyaayana

                                                            x.            Brihaspati

                                                          xi.            Paaraashara

                                                        xii.            Vyaasa

                                                      xiii.            Shankha

                                                      xiv.            Likhita

                                                        xv.            Daksha

                                                      xvi.            Gautama

                                                    xvii.            Shaataatapa

                                                  xviii.            Vashishtha

                                                      xix.            Bhrigu

                                                        xx.            Naarada

  1. Ramayana (By: Maharishi Valmiki): It is the story of Shri Ram, who is assumed to be God-incarnate, but living as an ideal human being with ideal relationships as well as an ideal king. This in spite of a variety of problems and unhappy situations in his life.
  1. Mahabharata (By: Maharishi Vedavyaasa): It consists of Eighteen (18) Parvas or Parts:
    1. Aadi
    2. Sabhaa
    3. Aaranyaka
    4. Viraata
    5. Udyoga
    6. Bheeshma (includes Bhagvad Gita)
    7. Drona
    8. Karna
    9. Shalya
    10. Sauptika
    11. Stree
    12. Shaanti
    13. Anushaasana
    14. Aashvamedhika
    15. Aashramavaasika
    16. Mausala
    17. Mahaaprasthaanika
    18. Svargaarohana
  1. Bhagvad Gita: It consists of 18 chapters, which represent a road map of a meaningful direction for life. These chapters represent a dialogue between Shri Arjuna and Bhagwan Shri Krishna, who is assumed to be God-incarnate. The dialogue is in the form of a variety of questions by Shri Arjuna and the answers given by Bhagwan Shri Krishna.

MEMO NOTE:

  1. Shri Narada's description of Branches of Knowledge during the Vedic Period (See Chhandogya Upanishad 7.1-3):
    1. Rig Veda
    2. Yajur Veda
    3. Sama Veda
    4. Atharva Veda
    5. Puranas
    6. Pitri Vidya (Nursing)
    7. Rashi Vidya (Mathematics)
    8. Daiva Vidya (Nature/Environment)
    9. Nidhi Vidya (Economics)
    10. Vakyo-Vakya (logic and philosophy)
    11. Ekayatana (Issues of Ethics or politics)
    12. Deva Vidya (Knowledge regarding deities)
    13. Brahma Vidya (Knowledge regarding the ultimate existence)
    14. Bhoota Vidya (Physics)
    15. Kshatra Vidya (Military craft)
    16. Nakshatra Vidya (Astronomy)
    17. Sarpa Vidya (Toxicology)
    18. Deva Jan Vidya (Sociology)
    19. Mantra Vidya (Knowledge of Books)
    20. Aatma Vidya (Spiritual Knowledge)

Source for Books: www.vedicbooks.com

 

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